So what exactly is UV?

In Australia, UV protection refers to measures taken to shield individuals from the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which is emitted by the sun. Due to Australia's geographical location and its proximity to the ozone hole, the country experiences some of the highest levels of UV radiation in the world. This increased UV exposure poses significant health risks, such as skin damage, sunburn, premature aging, and an increased risk of skin cancer.

To promote sun safety and protect people from excessive UV exposure, Australia has implemented various UV protection strategies, including:

SunSmart Campaign: The SunSmart campaign, run by Cancer Council Australia, encourages the adoption of protective measures against the sun's UV radiation. The campaign promotes the use of appropriate clothing, sunglasses, and hats to reduce the risk of skin damage.

UPF Clothing: Australia has embraced the concept of UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) clothing. Garments with a UPF rating provide enhanced protection from UV radiation and are increasingly popular among Australians who spend time outdoors.

Sunscreen: High SPF (Sun Protection Factor) sunscreens are recommended to protect the skin from UVB radiation, which causes sunburn. The Cancer Council recommends using sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30, and it should also provide broad-spectrum protection against UVA radiation.

Shade and Shelter: Promoting the use of shade structures like umbrellas, shade sails, and shelters at outdoor venues and public spaces to offer protection from direct sun exposure.

Sunglasses: Encouraging the use of sunglasses with a high Eye Protection Factor (EPF) to shield the eyes from harmful UV radiation.

Seeking Shade during Peak UV Times: Advising people to avoid direct sunlight during peak UV times, typically between 10 am and 4 pm when UV levels are at their highest.

Sun Protective Hats: Promoting the use of sun hats with wide brims and neck flaps or capes to protect the face, neck, and ears from UV radiation.

The Australian government and various organizations place significant emphasis on sun safety education and raising awareness about the importance of UV protection. By following these guidelines and adopting sun smart practices, individuals in Australia can reduce their risk of skin damage and skin cancer and enjoy the outdoors safely.